app: Short for application, or a computer program designed for a specific task.
artificial intelligence: A type of knowledge-based decision-making exhibited by machines or computers. The term also refers to the field of study in which scientists try to create machines or computer software capable of intelligent behavior.
audio: Having to do with sound.
behavior: The way something, often a person or other organism, acts towards others, or conducts itself.
biologist: A scientist involved in the study of living things.
dolphins: A highly intelligent group of marine mammals that belong to the toothed-whale family. Members of this group include orcas (killer whales), pilot whales and bottlenose dolphins.
fin whale: The second-largest species of whale, it takes its name for the fin on its back tail. These speedy swimmers are black or dark brown-gray on the back and sides, but white below. A type of baleen whale, each eats up to two tons of food (often krill or small fish) per day. At birth, the whales span 18 feet long and weigh 0.9 to 1.4 metric tons (2,000 to 3,000 pounds). They reach adulthood at about 25 years old, live to be 90 and top out at weights of about 72 metric tons (79.4 U.S. tons).
humpback: A species of baleen whale (Megaptera novaeangliae), perhaps best known for its novel “songs” that travel great distances underwater. Huge animals, they can grow up to more than 15 meters (or around 50 feet) long and weigh more than 35 metric tons.
intelligence: The ability to collect and apply knowledge and skills.
marine: Having to do with the ocean world or environment.
model: A simulation of a real-world event (usually using a computer) that has been developed to predict one or more likely outcomes. Or an individual that is meant to display how something would work in or look on others.
neuroscientist: Someone who studies the structure or function of the brain and other parts of the nervous system.
pandemic: An outbreak of disease that affects a large proportion of the population across much or most of the world.
prairie dog: A social animal (Mustela nigripes) about the size of a large squirrel that lives in burrows that form large colonies — known as prairie-dog towns. Each “town” may extend across many hectares (acres). The animals have a bark-like call, short legs and sharp claws. They can live for up to 8 or 10 years.
range: The full extent or distribution of something. For instance, a plant or animal’s range is the area over which it naturally exists.
recall: To remember.
rodent: A mammal of the order Rodentia, a group that includes mice, rats, squirrels, guinea pigs, hamsters and porcupines.
spectrogram: A visual (or graphical) representation of a spectrum. That spectrum can map sound waves or other types of electromagnetic radiation. A sound spectrogram graphs sound frequency (pitch) over time; and its amplitude (or volume) through the intensity of color.
system: A network of parts that together work to achieve some function. For instance, the blood, vessels and heart are primary components of the human body’s circulatory system. Similarly, trains, platforms, tracks, roadway signals and overpasses are among the potential components of a nation’s railway system. System can even be applied to the processes or ideas that are part of some method or ordered set of procedures for getting a task done.
technology: The application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes, especially in industry — or the devices, processes and systems that result from those efforts.
tool: An object that a person or other animal makes or obtains and then uses to carry out some purpose such as reaching food, defending itself or grooming.
whale: A common, but fairly imprecise, term for a class of large mammals that lives in the ocean. This group includes dolphins and porpoises.
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